Cessna 421

The Cessna 414 is a low-wing, twin-engine, pressurized-turbocharged aircraft produced by Cessna from 1967 until 1985. Distinguishing features are: retractable landing gear and three-bladed, constant speed, fully feathering propellers. Model 421 seats up to 7 passengers and 1 pilot.

 

Specifications

 

Exterior Dimensions 421 (1967-1968)

Wing span: 39 ft 9 in
Length: 33 ft 5 in
Height: 11 ft 4 in

Performance 421 with GTSIO-520-D engines

Horsepower: 375.00 Gross Weight: 6,800
Top Speed: 240 Empty Weight: 4,237
Cruise Speed: 222 Fuel Capacity: 170
Stall Speed (dirty): 76 Range: 826
 
Rate of Climb: 1,700 Rate of Climb (One Engine): 300
Service Ceiling: 26,000 Ceiling (One Engine): 13,340
 
Takeoff Landing
Ground Roll: 2,012 Ground Roll 1,045
Takeoff Roll Over 50 ft: 2,516 Landing Roll Over 50 ft: 2,110

 

 

Exterior Dimensions 421A (1969-70)

Wing span: 39 ft 9 in
Length: 33 ft 8 in
Height: 11 ft 4 in

Performance 421A 1970 and newer have GTSIO-520-H engines

Horsepower: 375.00 Gross Weight: 6,840
Top Speed: 240 Empty Weight: 4,252
Cruise Speed: 227 Fuel Capacity: 175
Stall Speed (dirty): 76 Range: 826
 
Rate of Climb: 1,700 Rate of Climb (One Engine): 300
Service Ceiling: 26,000 Ceiling (One Engine): 13,340
 
Takeoff Landing
Ground Roll: 2,012 Ground Roll 1,045
Takeoff Roll Over 50 ft: 2,516 Landing Roll Over 50 ft: 2,110

 

 

Exterior Dimensions 421B Golden Eagle (1971-1975)

Wing span: 41 ft 9 in
Length: 36 ft 1 in
Height: 11 ft 6 in

Performance 421B Golden Eagle

Horsepower: 375.00 Gross Weight: 7,450
Top Speed: 245 Empty Weight: 4,426
Cruise Speed: 235 Fuel Capacity: 175
Stall Speed (dirty): 74 Range: 845
 
Rate of Climb: 1,850 Rate of Climb (One Engine): 305
Service Ceiling: 31,000 Ceiling (One Engine): 13,000
 
Takeoff Landing
Ground Roll: 1,860 Ground Roll 720
Takeoff Roll Over 50 ft: 2,387 Landing Roll Over 50 ft: 2,178

 

 

Exterior Dimensions 421C Golden Eagle

Wing span: 41 ft 1 in
Length: 36 ft 5 in
Height: 12 ft 11 in

Performance 421C Golden Eagle (1976-80 have GTSIO-520-L engines. 1980 and newer have GTSIO-520-N engines and trailing link gear)

Horsepower: 375.00 Gross Weight: 7,450
Top Speed: 257 Empty Weight: 5,048
Cruise Speed: 241 Fuel Capacity: 213
Stall Speed (dirty): 74 Range: 1,197
 
Rate of Climb: 1,940 Rate of Climb (One Engine): 350
Service Ceiling: 30,200 Ceiling (One Engine): 14,900
 
Takeoff Landing
Ground Roll: 1,786 Ground Roll 720
Takeoff Roll Over 50 ft: 2,323 Landing Roll Over 50 ft: 2,293

 

Engine

Manufacturer: Continental
Model: GTSIO-520-D/H/L/N
Horsepower: 375 hp
Overhaul (HT): 1200 TBO or 12 years

 

 

 

History

 

The 421 was first certified on 1 May 1967 and shares a common type certificate with models 401, 402, 411, 414 and 425. It had “Stabila-Tip” fuel tanks on the wingtips (like the Cessna 310) with 170 gallons. Its electro-mechanical landing gear are similar to that of the 310. It was an immediate hit, selling 200 planes in its first year.

To get the performance the buyers were seeking, the 1967 and 1968 model year came with GTSIO-520-D 375 hp engines. That’s nearly three-quarters of a horsepower per cubic inch, and the inevitable stress meant short service life. Originally, the TBO was a mere 1200 hours. Later engines sported heavier crankcases that increased TBO to a still-low 1600 hours, which is where it remains. Durability isn’t the engines’ strong point.

The first 421's had a short nose and the maximum take-off weight was 6800 lbs. The standard fuel system gave a range of some 800 miles, while an optional 255-gallon system boosted the range to nearly 1200 miles. Owners say the higher fuel capacity is much prized and worth looking for.

The very next year, 1969, the design was refined, with a three-inch stretch of the fuselage, five more gallons of fuel capacity, and a 40-pound increase in gross weight for a total of 6840 lbs. The plane was redesignated the Cessna 421A and was still equipped with the GTSIO-520-D engines.

The 1970 model year came equipped with GTSIO-520-H engines and max take-off weight was increased again to 7250 lbs.

 

Development

 

In 1971 the design was again improved. Both empty and gross weight increased with a maximum gross of 7450 lbs, the wingspan was increased by two feet, raising the service ceiling by 5,000 feet. The nose was stretched two feet to accommodate a baggage compartment capable of carrying a six-foot-long, 600-pound object, assuming the space was not taken up with extra avionics. (The compartment is about 51 inches long with the avionics bay fully occupied.) The aft cabin area could handle another 340 pounds, with a further 200 in each wing locker for a total capacity of 1340 pounds. The wing lockers serve as bays for optional fuel tanks, so they may or may not be usable for baggage. This new plane was designated the Cessna 421B.

The B model gained a few extra refinements over the next four years. The pressurization system was improved, raising the pressure differential first to 4.2, then 4.4 inches. The cabin and windows were made larger and in 1975, a known-icing package was offered.

In 1976, Cessna brought out the 421C, incorporating the sweeping design changes that the company was applying to most of its twins at the time. The distinctive “Stabila-Tip” tanks (with their bladders) were gone, replaced by a simpler, bonded wet-wing fuel system. This system raised the standard fuel system capacity to 213 gallons, or 270 with all optional tanks installed.

Removing all that weight from the wing tips increased the airplane’s stability, as did an increase in the size of the fin and rudder. The end result was better handling in both normal and single-engine operations. The new wing also improved single-engine performance, with increased single-engine service ceiling and rate of climb.

The electromechanical landing gear was changed from straight-leg to a hydraulic trailing-link design from the 1981 model year onwards. This featured trailing-link mains and a high-pressure nitrogen blow-down bottle for emergencies. The new system increased reliability slightly.

The engines were replaced with the Continental GTSIO-520-L engine and maximum gross weight of the C model was increased to 7450 pounds—the same as the B—but the standard empty weight was higher.

The C model was produced, relatively unchanged, for nine years. In 1985 it, like all the other piston Cessnas, was discontinued for lack of sales. Overall, the 421C represents about half of the production run of 1920 aircraft.

Some 421s have been modified to accept turboprop engines, making them very similar to the Cessna 425, which itself is a turboprop development of the 421.

 

Design

 

The 421 is an all-metal low-wing cabin monoplane with a retractable tricycle landing gear, and powered by two geared[a] Continental GTSIO-520-D engines, wing-mounted in tractor configuration. The cabin is accessed from a door, on the left hand side behind the wing, and has seating for six on the basic 421, or up to ten on later variants.

 

 

Variants

 

Cessna 421

Type approved 1 May 1967, powered by two Continental GTSIO-520-Ds of 375 hp each, maximum takeoff weight 6,800 lb. 200 built.

Cessna 421A

Type approved 19 November 1968, powered by two Continental GTSIO-520-Ds of 375 hp each, maximum takeoff weight 6,840 lb. 158 built.

Cessna 421B Golden Eagle/Executive Commuter

Eight-seat light passenger transport aircraft. Type approved 28 April 1970, powered by two Continental GTSIO-520-Hs of 375 hp each, maximum takeoff weight 7,250 lb, later models 7,450 lb. 699 built.

Cessna 421C Golden Eagle/Executive Commuter

Model with new wing and landing gear. Type approved 28 October 1975, powered by two Continental GTSIO-520-Ls or Continental GTSIO-520-Ns of 375 hp each, maximum takeoff weight 7,450 lb. 859 built.

Riley Turbine Rocket 421

Conversion of Cessna 421 aircraft by fitting two Lycoming LTP101 turboprop engines. Formal designation R421BL and R421CL for conversions of421B and C respectively.

Riley Turbine Eagle 421

Conversion of Cessna 421C aircraft by fitting two 750hp Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-135 turboprop engines. Formal designation R421CP.

Excalibur 421

Re-engined 421C with Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-135A or PT6A-112 turboprops, supplemental type certificate held by Excalibur 421 LLC of Paso Robles, California. In 2013 it was announced that Aviation Alliance is acting as program managers for the Excalibur 421 upgrade program.

Advanced Aircraft Regent 1500

Production of the Riley Turbine Eagle 421 conversion by Advanced Aircraft Corporation.

 

 

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